Home > Newfoundland & Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) is located on the northeast corner of North America. The province is made up of the island of Newfoundland, with Labrador on the mainland, and over 7,000 tiny islands.
Newfoundland and Labrador has 29,000 km of coastline dotted with inlets, coves, and bays that are home to historic towns and fishing villages. While small, they are bold communities with colourful buildings, spectacular views, and friendly people.
Newfoundland was the tenth province to enter Canadian Confederation in 1949, with change of the province's official name to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001.
Cities, Towns & Communities
License plate slogans
Date NL entered confederation
March 31, 1949
Area of NL
405,212 sq km (156,453 sq miles)
Over 17,000 km of Newfoundland and Labrador’s coastline has headlands, fiords, small coves and islands. Both land mass interiors have a rolling, rugged topography. Much of the land has thick black spruce and balsam fir forest mixed with birch, tamarack and balsam poplar. Northern Labrador has the wild and untamed Torngat Mountains.
Capital city of NL
Population of NL
514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)
Residents are known as
Indigenous people of NL
Main NL industries
Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism
NL statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
St George's Day on the Monday closest to April 23
NL Civic Holiday
Source: Government of Canada Maps
Newfoundland has a maritime climate with mild winters (by Canadian standards). It also has a high rate of precipitation. Labrador, by comparison, has cold winters and short summers.
The unique Newfoundland Time Zone is 3.5 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT -3:30) and 30 minutes ahead of Atlantic Standard Time. Daylight savings time is in place.