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Newfoundland & Labrador

St John's, Newfoundland | Photo: Erik Mclean, Introspective Design

St John’s, Newfoundland

Introduction to Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) is located on the northeast corner of North America. The province is made up of the island of Newfoundland, with Labrador on the mainland, and over 7,000 tiny islands.

Newfoundland and Labrador has 29,000 km of coastline dotted with inlets, coves, and bays that are home to historic towns and fishing villages. While small, they are bold communities with colourful buildings, spectacular views, and friendly people.

Newfoundland was the tenth province to enter Canadian Confederation in 1949, with change of the province's official name to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001.

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Locations in Newfoundland and Labrador




Avalon Coast


Burin Penninsula
Eastern Coast



Northern Peninsula

Iceberg Alley


Western Routes


NP: National Parks
PP: Provincial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

La Manche PP

Newfoundland & Labrador PP (Avalon)

Gros Morne NP

Sandbanks PP

Terra Nova NP

Torngat Mountains NP

Did you know?

  • Last Fish, First Boat
  • Like Ireland
  • Torngat Mountains
    Torngat Mountains National Park, Newfoundland and Labrador

    The Torngat Mountains in northern Labrador are an astoundingly wild and unspoiled range. The name comes from the Inuktitut word Tongait, meaning place of spirits. The area is home to polar bears, small glaciers and caribou. The Inuit of the region hunt and fish as their ancestors did for thousands of years. A visit to the area requires careful planning, registration with park officials, and the right equipment.

NL Trivia

Coat of arms
Flower is Pitcher Plant
Bird is Atlantic Puffin

The Rock

Provincial slogan
Seek ye first the kingdom of God

License plate slogans
The Mighty Churchill (1969)
A World of Difference (1993-2002)
Newfoundland & Labrador

CBC | NTV | The Telegram

Other resources
Books about Newfoundland & Labrador
Government of NL
Newfoundland Circumnavigation
NL Travel Stories
NL Websites/Blogs
Travel Blogs NL
Trip Planning 101
Welcome to Newfoundland Labrador

NL Facts

Date NL entered confederation

March 31, 1949

Area of NL

405,212 sq km (156,453 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


Over 17,000 km of Newfoundland and Labrador’s coastline has headlands, fiords, small coves and islands. Both land mass interiors have a rolling, rugged topography. Much of the land has thick black spruce and balsam fir forest mixed with birch, tamarack and balsam poplar. Northern Labrador has the wild and untamed Torngat Mountains.

Capital city of NL

St John’s

Population of NL

514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

Newfoundlanders, Labradorians

Indigenous people of NL

Inuit, Innu, Mi'kmaq, Southern Inuit of NunatuKavut (see Heritage Newfoundland Labrador) and Miawpukek First Nation

Main NL industries

Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism

NL statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

St George's Day on the Monday closest to April 23

NL Civic Holiday

Regatta Day

Newfoundland & Labrador


Newfoundland has a maritime climate with mild winters (by Canadian standards). It also has a high rate of precipitation. Labrador, by comparison, has cold winters and short summers.

Time zone

The unique Newfoundland Time Zone is 3.5 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT -3:30) and 30 minutes ahead of Atlantic Standard Time. Daylight savings time is in place.

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