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Lake Louise, Alberta | Photo: Jf Brou, Unsplash

Lake Louise, Alberta

Introduction to Alberta

Alberta (AB) is a western Canadian province established on September 1, 1905.

Alberta's Rocky Mountains contain the world famous resort towns of Banff, Jasper, Canmore, Lake Louise and Waterton.

There is boreal forest in the north and prairies in the south. The central aspen parkland region has fertile soil suitable for grain and dairy farming, with ranching and irrigated agriculture in the south. The Alberta badlands in southeastern Alberta feature deep canyons and striking landforms.

Edmonton, Alberta’s capital city is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands. A big attraction is the West Edmonton Mall, North America's largest shopping and entertainment complex. The mall offers over 800 stores and services and over 110 eateries. About 300 km (190 mi) south of the capital is Calgary, Alberta's largest city. It’s home to the Calgary Stampede, and is a major distribution and transportation hub. Almost 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary-Edmonton corridor.

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Alberta Trivia

Coat of arms
Flower is Wild Rose
Bird is Great Horned Owl

The Princess Province
The Energy Province
The Sunshine Province
Texas North

Provincial slogan
Strong and free

License plate slogan
Wild Rose Country

CBC Calgary | Calgary Herald | CBC Edmonton | Edmonton Journal

Other resources
Birds Calgary
Books about Alberta
Explore Edmonton blog
Government of Alberta
Life in Calgary
The Real Banff blog
Travel Alberta

Alberta Facts

Date Alberta entered confederation

September 1, 1905

Area of Alberta

661,848 sq km (255,541 sq miles)


Alberta has a varied topography with rolling foothills, mountains, prehistoric hoodoos, desert and farmlands.

Capital city of Alberta


Population of Alberta

4,262,635 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)

Residents are known as


Indigenous people of Alberta

First Nations, Métis

Main Alberta industries

Agriculture, forestry, telecommunications and oil and gas


Alberta has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cold winters

Time zone

Almost all of Alberta is in the Mountain time zone (MST)

Alberta statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

Family Day (third Monday in February)

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