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Alberta (AB) is a western Canadian province established on September 1, 1905.
There is boreal forest in the north and prairies in the south. The central aspen parkland region has fertile soil suitable for grain and dairy farming, with ranching and irrigated agriculture in the south. The Alberta badlands in southeastern Alberta feature deep canyons and striking landforms.
Edmonton, Alberta’s capital city is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's oil sands. A big attraction is the West Edmonton Mall, North America's largest shopping and entertainment complex. The mall offers over 800 stores and services and over 110 eateries. About 300 km (190 mi) south of the capital is Calgary, Alberta's largest city. It’s home to the Calgary Stampede, and is a major distribution and transportation hub. Almost 75% of the province's population lives in the Calgary-Edmonton corridor.
Cities, Towns & Communities
Elk Island NP
License plate slogan
Date Alberta entered confederation
September 1, 1905
Area of Alberta
661,848 sq km (255,541 sq miles)
Alberta has a varied topography with rolling foothills, mountains, prehistoric hoodoos, desert and farmlands.
Capital city of Alberta
Population of Alberta
4,262,635 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)
Residents are known as
Indigenous people of Alberta
First Nations, Métis
Main Alberta industries
Agriculture, forestry, telecommunications and oil and gas
Alberta has a dry continental climate with warm summers and cold winters
Almost all of Alberta is in the Mountain time zone (MST)
Alberta statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
Family Day (third Monday in February)
Source: Government of Canada Maps