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Saskatchewan has been Canada’s central prairie province since 1905. Its unique name (originally used for a district of the Northwest Territories in 1882), comes from an English version of a Cree word, kisiskâciwanisîpiy which means “swiftly flowing river”.*
With no particular metropolitan centre, Saskatchewan’s capital, Regina (south) and Saskatoon (further north), are its largest cities. The city of Estevan in southeast Saskatchewan is Canada's sunshine capital, averaging 2,540 sunshine-filled hours each year.
Cities, Towns & Communities
Cypress Hills Introprovincial Park (spans across Saskatchewan-Alberta border)
Great Blue Heron PP
License plate slogans*
Date SK entered confederation
September 1, 1905
Area of SK
651,036 sq km (251,366 sq miles)
Saskatchewan has two main geographical regions: the Canadian Shield in the north and the Interior Plains in the south. Northern Saskatchewan has boreal forest (except for the Athabasca Sand Dunes, the largest active sand dunes in the world north of 58°). Southern Saskatchewan has sand dunes known as the Great Sand Hills. There are the Cypress Hills in the southwestern corner of Saskatchewan and the Killdeer Badlands (Grasslands National Park).
Capital city of SK
Population of SK
1,033,381 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)
Residents are known as
Saskatchewanians or Saskatchewanites
Indigenous people of SK
There are 70 First Nations in Saskatchewan, 61 of which are affiliated to one of the nine Saskatchewan Tribal Councils. Languages include Cree, Dakota, Dene (Chipewyan), Nakota (Assniboine) and Saulteaux.
Main SK industries
Agriculture, mining and energy
SK statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
Family Day (third Monday in February)
Professional sports teams
Saskatchewan Roughriders (football)
Source: Government of Canada Maps
Saskatchewan has more hours of sunshine than any other Canadian province. It has continental climate in the central and eastern part of the province. It has a semi-arid steppe climate in the south and southwest. Northern Saskatchewan has a subarctic climate. Summers can get very hot (32C+). Winters can be bitterly cold (-17C to -40C) for weeks at a time.
Central Standard Time (CST) year-round (on daylight savings time all year with no time changes in spring and fall)