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New Brunswick

Saint Andrews, NB | Photo: James Ting, Unsplash

Saint Andrews, New Brunswick

Introduction to New Brunswick

New Brunswick (NB) is Canada's largest Maritime province, and one of the four original provinces of Canada that entered the confederation on July 1, 1867.

New Brunswick has spectacular natural wonders, such as the Bay of Fundy which has the highest tides on earth and is one of the Marine Wonders of the World. More than 80% of the province is covered by forests.

While the provincial capital is Fredericton, Saint John has the highest population. New Brunswick’s rural economy is best known for forestry, mining, mixed farming and fishing. Citiy economies are dominated by health care, education, retail, and finances.

Read more about New Brunswick below under Trivia and Facts; view areas, towns and parks; or check out the businesses and organizations listed by interest categories.

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Did you know?

  • Fundy Trail Parkway
    Fundy Trail Parkway, NB

    The Fundy Trail Parkway is one of the last remaining coastal wilderness areas in North America. The trail boasts scenic lookouts with spectacular views visible by driving. cycling or hiking. Between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, the Bay of Fundy coastline is sculpted by the world’s highest tides.

  • Hartland Covered Bridge

NB Trivia

Flag
Coat of arms
Symbols
Flower is Purple Violet
Bird is Black-capped Chickadee

Nicknames
The Picture Province
The Loyalist Province

Provincial slogan
Hope Restored

License plate slogans
Picture Province (1958-1971)
New/Nouveau Brunswick

News
CBC | CTV News Atlantic

Other resources
Books about New Brunswick
David Campbell – A blog about economic development in Atlantic Canada
New Brunswick Fact – A Vacation Tech Blog

Explore New Brunswick
New Brunswick – Just the Facts
Government of New Brunswick

New Brunswick Facts

Date NB entered confederation

July 1, 1867

Area of NB

72,908 sq km (28,149 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Topography

A triangular region called the Maritime Plain covers a third of New Brunswick. The Highland region is underlain by hard granitic rocks and has thin, stony soil. The Saint John River’s narrow lowlands contain fertile soil. In the north, there is the rugged plateau of Miramichi Highlands, the Chaleur Uplands, and the Notre Dame Mountains.

Capital city of NB

Fredericton

Population of NB

751,171 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

New Brunswickers

Indigenous people of NB

Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Peskotomuhkatiyik (Passamaquoddy) (Source: Explore New Brunswick > Indigenous)

Main NB industries

Manufacturing, forestry, mining, agriculture and fisheries, tourism

NB statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

New Brunswick Day
(first Monday in August)

Professional sports teams

None
 

New Brunswick

Climate

The northern part of New Brunswick has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The southern part has a moderate maritime climate, with milder winters and cooler summers. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. Fog is common in spring and early summer on the Bay of Fundy coast.

Time zone

Atlantic Standard Time (AST) observes daylight savings time.

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