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New Brunswick

Saint Andrews, NB | Photo: James Ting, Unsplash

Saint Andrews, New Brunswick

Introduction to New Brunswick

New Brunswick (NB) is Canada's largest Maritime province, and one of the four original provinces of Canada that entered the confederation on July 1, 1867.

New Brunswick has spectacular natural wonders, such as the Bay of Fundy which has the highest tides on earth and is one of the Marine Wonders of the World. More than 80% of the province is covered by forests.

While the provincial capital is Fredericton, Saint John has the highest population. New Brunswick’s rural economy is best known for forestry, mining, mixed farming and fishing. Citiy economies are dominated by health care, education, retail, and finances.

Read more about New Brunswick below under Trivia and Facts; view areas, towns and parks; or check out the businesses and organizations listed by interest categories.

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Did you know?

  • Fundy Trail Parkway
  • Hartland Covered Bridge
    Hartland Covered Bridge, Hartland, NB | Photo: Dennis Jarvis, Wikimedia Commons

    At 390m (1,282ft), Hartland is the longest covered bridge in the world! It officially opened July 4, 1901. One tradition is to make a wish when you enter the bridge, close your eyes, cross your fingers and hold your breath to make it come true. It’s also known as the “Kissing Bridge”.

NB Trivia

Coat of arms
Flower is Purple Violet
Bird is Black-capped Chickadee

The Picture Province
The Loyalist Province

Provincial slogan
Hope Restored

License plate slogans
Picture Province (1958-1971)
New/Nouveau Brunswick

CBC | CTV News Atlantic

Other resources
Books about New Brunswick
David Campbell – A blog about economic development in Atlantic Canada

Explore New Brunswick

New Brunswick Facts

Government of New Brunswick

New Brunswick Facts

Date NB entered confederation

July 1, 1867

Area of NB

72,908 sq km (28,149 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


A triangular region called the Maritime Plain covers a third of New Brunswick. The Highland region is underlain by hard granitic rocks and has thin, stony soil. The Saint John River’s narrow lowlands contain fertile soil. In the north, there is the rugged plateau of Miramichi Highlands, the Chaleur Uplands, and the Notre Dame Mountains.

Capital city of NB


Population of NB

775,610 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)

Residents are known as

New Brunswickers

Indigenous people of NB

Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Peskotomuhkatiyik (Passamaquoddy) (Source: Explore New Brunswick > Indigenous)

Main NB industries

Manufacturing, forestry, mining, agriculture and fisheries, tourism

NB statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

New Brunswick Day
(first Monday in August)

Professional sports teams


New Brunswick


The northern part of New Brunswick has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The southern part has a moderate maritime climate, with milder winters and cooler summers. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. Fog is common in spring and early summer on the Bay of Fundy coast.

Time zone

Atlantic Standard Time (AST) observes daylight savings time.

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