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New Brunswick (NB) is Canada's largest Maritime province, and one of the four original provinces of Canada that entered the confederation on July 1, 1867.
New Brunswick has spectacular natural wonders, such as the Bay of Fundy which has the highest tides on earth and is one of the Marine Wonders of the World. More than 80% of the province is covered by forests.
While the provincial capital is Fredericton, Saint John has the highest population. New Brunswick’s rural economy is best known for forestry, mining, mixed farming and fishing. Citiy economies are dominated by health care, education, retail, and finances.
Grand Manan & White Head Islands
Cities, Towns & Communities
License plate slogans
Date NB entered confederation
July 1, 1867
Area of NB
72,908 sq km (28,149 sq miles)
A triangular region called the Maritime Plain covers a third of New Brunswick. The Highland region is underlain by hard granitic rocks and has thin, stony soil. The Saint John River’s narrow lowlands contain fertile soil. In the north, there is the rugged plateau of Miramichi Highlands, the Chaleur Uplands, and the Notre Dame Mountains.
Capital city of NB
Population of NB
775,610 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)
Residents are known as
Indigenous people of NB
Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), Peskotomuhkatiyik (Passamaquoddy) (Source: Explore New Brunswick > Indigenous)
Main NB industries
Manufacturing, forestry, mining, agriculture and fisheries, tourism
NB statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
New Brunswick Day
Professional sports teams
Source: Government of Canada Maps
The northern part of New Brunswick has a continental climate with cold winters and warm summers. The southern part has a moderate maritime climate, with milder winters and cooler summers. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. Fog is common in spring and early summer on the Bay of Fundy coast.
Atlantic Standard Time (AST) observes daylight savings time.