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Prince Edward Island (PE) is the smallest province in Canada. The island became the seventh province in 1873. Its landscape has rolling hills, woods, reddish-white sand beaches, red soil (due to high iron-oxide) and ocean coves.
PE's first residents were the Mi'kmaq. The island was discovered by French explorer, Jacques Cartier, in 1534. Now, the population has mostly British ancestry
PE's economy is seasonal with agriculture (potatoes), tourism, and the fishery industries being most dominant. Coastal communities rely on shellfish harvests, especially lobsters, oysters and mussels.
PE is probably best known for the Anne of Green Gables novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery which was set in the fictional town of Avonlea on Prince Edward Island.
Cities, Towns & Communities
License plate slogans
Date PE entered confederation
July 1, 1873
Area of PE
5,660 sq km (2,184 sq miles)
Prince Edward Island’s terrain is gently rolling hills, white sandy beaches along the northern shores, and red sandstone cliffs along the southern edge.
Capital city of PE
Population of PE
154,331 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)
Residents are known as
Prince Edward Islanders or just "Islanders"
Indigenous people of PE
Main PE industries
Agriculture, tourism, fishing and manufacturing
PE statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
Islander Day (third Monday in February)
Source: Government of Canada Maps
The climate on Prince Edward Island is milder than mainland Canada due to the warm Gulf of St Lawrence that surround it. Temperatures range from 8 to 22C in May and June. Summers range from 20 to 32C. July and August are the warmest and driest months. Winters range between -3 and -11C. PE gets a yearly average of 340cm of snowfall between November and April.
Atlantic Standard Time (AST) and observes daylight savings time.