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Prince Edward Island

New London Lighthouse, Prince Edward Island | Photo: Scott Walsh, Unsplash

New London Lighthouse, Prince Edward Island

Introduction to Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PE) is the smallest province in Canada. The island became the seventh province in 1873. Its landscape has rolling hills, woods, reddish-white sand beaches, red soil (due to high iron-oxide) and ocean coves.

PE's first residents were the Mi'kmaq. The island was discovered by French explorer, Jacques Cartier, in 1534. Now, the population has mostly British ancestry

PE's economy is seasonal with agriculture (potatoes), tourism, and the fishery industries being most dominant. Coastal communities rely on shellfish harvests, especially lobsters, oysters and mussels.

PE is probably best known for the Anne of Green Gables novel by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery which was set in the fictional town of Avonlea on Prince Edward Island.

What’s your interest in Prince Edward Island?

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Locations in Prince Edward Island

Travel

Areas

Queens County

Queens County

Kings County

Kings County

Prince County

Prince County

 

Cities, Towns & Communities

East

Kings County

Caledonia
Georgetown
Elmira
Fortune Bridge
Harmony Junction
Montague
Murray Harbour
Murray River
Peakes
Selkirk
Souris
Three Rivers
Whitesands

Communities

Cardigan
Eastern Kings
Mount Stewart
Murray Harbour
Three Rivers
 

West

Prince County

Alberton
Coleman
Kensington
Miscouche
O'Leary
Portage
Princeton
Summerside
Tignish
Tyne Valley

Communities

Gateway Village
 

Parks

NP: National Parks
PP: Provincial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

Central

Kings Castle PP

East

Cabot Beach
Northumberland
Panmure Island
PE Parks
Red Point

West

Prince Edward Island NP
 

Did you know?

PEI Trivia

Flag
Coat of arms
Symbols
Flower is Lady’s Slipper
Bird is Blue Jay

Nicknames
The Island
Spud Island
Million Acre Farm
The Garden of Gulf
Abegweit (Mi'kmaq Nation,
translation "Cradle on the Waves")

Provincial slogan
The small protected by the great

License plate slogans
Seed Potato Foxes (1928)
The Place To Be (1973-1975)
Confederation Bridge (1997)
Birthplace of Confederation (1997)
Canada's Green Province (2007)

News
CBC | The Guardian

Other resources
Books about Prince Edward Island
Blog PEI
Canadian Visa Charlottetown
Discover Charlottetown blog
Kiddle PE Facts for Kids
Indigenous Canada PE
Prince Edward Island – What to Do
Welcome PEI

PE Facts

Date PE entered confederation

July 1, 1873

Area of PE

5,660 sq km (2,184 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Topography

Prince Edward Island’s terrain is gently rolling hills, white sandy beaches along the northern shores, and red sandstone cliffs along the southern edge.

Capital city of PE

Charlottetown

Population of PE

140,204 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

Prince Edward Islanders or just "Islanders"

Indigenous people of PE

Mi'kmaq

Main PE industries

Agriculture, tourism, fishing and manufacturing

PE statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

Islander Day (third Monday in February)
 

Prince Edward Island

Climate

The climate on Prince Edward Island is milder than mainland Canada due to the warm Gulf of St Lawrence that surround it. Temperatures range from 8 to 22C in May and June. Summers range from 20 to 32C. July and August are the warmest and driest months. Winters range between -3 and -11C. PE gets a yearly average of 340cm of snowfall between November and April.
 

Time zone

Atlantic Standard Time (AST) and observes daylight savings time.

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