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Winnipeg, Manitoba | Photo: Brydon McCluskey

Winnipeg sign in front of the Museum for Human Rights at The Forks, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Introduction to Manitoba

Manitoba (MB) is the easternmost of the three prairie provinces, right in the centre of Canada. It became a province in 1870.

Land in the southwest is used for agriculture. The north is Precambrian Shield. and further north is tundra and permafrost. Manitoba has over 100,000 lakes and all rivers flow to Hudson Bay. The highest point in Manitoba is Baldy Mountain, in Duck Mountain Provincial Park, at 831m (2,726ft).

Manitoba's economy is based on agriculture, forestry, minerals, fisheries and high-technology industries. Some of Manitoba’s top tourist activities include watching beluga whales and polar bears, hiking, horseback riding, and camping throughout more than 50 national and provincial parks.

Canada Map - Manitoba

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Locations in Manitoba





North of 53







NP: National Parks
PP: Provincial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

Duck Mountain PP

Eastern Beaches of Lake Winnipeg

Grand Beach area

Riding Mountain NP

Whiteshell PP

Did you know?

  • Centre of Canada
  • Manitoba's Name
    Tulabi Falls Campground, Nopiming Provincial Park, Manitoba  |  Photo: Bibin Tom

    “At the Lake Manitoba Narrows a strong wind can send waves washing against the limestone rocks of an offshore island. The unique sound from the waves is said to be the Manitou, or Great Spirit (in Ojibway, “Manito-bau”). The legend survives in the Province’s name – Manitoba.” (Read more in Origins of the Name Manitoba.)

  • Mennonites

Manitoba Trivia

Coat of arms
Flower is Crocus
Bird is Great Grey Owl
Mammal is Bison

The Keystone Province

Provincial slogans
Glorious and free
Spirited Energy (2009)

License plate slogans
Sunny Manitoba (1971)
100,000 Lakes (1975)
Friendly Manitoba (1976)

CBC | CTV Winnipeg |
Global TV Winnipeg | Winnipeg Free Press

Other resources
Books about Manitoba
Manitoba Museum blog
Winnipeg O' My Heart blog
Spring & Summer in Manitoba
This was Winnipeg blog

Manitoba Facts

Date Manitoba entered confederation

July 15, 1870

Area of Manitoba

647,797 sq km (250,116 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Water surface

101,592 sq km (39,225 sq miles)


Most of Manitoba is between 150 to 300m (500 to 1,000ft) above sea level, while the Turtle, Riding, Duck and Baldy mountains are 700m (2,300 feet) or higher. Manitoba is known as the land of 100,000 lakes. Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis, and Lake Manitoba dominate the southern topography. The north has evidence of  glacial movement and is forested.

Capital city of Manitoba


Population of Manitoba

1,342,153 (Statistics Canada, 2021 Census)

Residents are known as


Indigenous people of Manitoba

Metis, First Nation, Registered or Treaty Indian, Non-Status Indian & Inuit

Main Manitoba industries

Manufacturing, agriculture, hydroelectricity and mining

Manitoba statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

Louis Riel Day, third Monday in February

Professional Sports Teams

Winnipeg Blue Bombers



Manitoba is one of the sunniest provinces in Canada. It has a continental climate with great temperature extremes. Summer temperatures range from 17 to 24°C in June, and 8 to 18°C in September. Winters range from -13 to 0°C.

Time zone

Central Time Zone, observes daylight savings time

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