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Facts on Quebec

Located in eastern Canada, Quebec is known as "La Belle Province" (The Beautiful Province).
Because its such a huge area of land, Quebec is diverse in both climate and geology. Quebec is also a peninsula, surrounded on 3 sides by salt water (Atlantic Ocean, Labrador Sea and Hudson Bay) and divided by the St. Lawrence River, one of the world's largest freshwater river systems.

Date Quebec Entered Confederation

July 1, 1867

Area of Quebec

1,542,056 sq. km (595,391 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


There are three main geological regions in Quebec: the great igneous plains of the Canadian Shield, the mighty Appalachians in southern Quebec and the St. Lawrence lowlands that lie between them.
The vegetation zones of Quebec, listed in order from the most northern to the most southern, are:Tundra,Taiga, Boreal (coniferous) forest, Mixed forest, and the Deciduous forest.

Capital City of Quebec

Quebec City, Quebec

Population of Quebec

7,903,001 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

In French - Québécois, pronounced with a k not a Q

In English - Quebecers (with a Q)

Aboriginal peoples of Quebec

First Nations

There are 10 Amerindian nations and the Inuit nation, making up 1% of the population of Quebec.

Main Quebec Industries

Agriculture, manufacturing, energy, mining, forestry, transportation

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone


Quebec has wide temperature variations because its land mass stretches over 5 degrees of latitude. In the south, the climate is temperate with four distinct seasons. The extreme northern portion of the territory is subject to the  Arctic climate. Average summer temperatures can range between 20º C and 5º C. Winter can vary from 5 months in the south to 8 months in the north. Average winter temperature range between -10 º C and -25º C and total precipitation between 900 and 400 mm.

Quebec Statutory Holidays (in addition to National Holidays)

Fete Nationale/Jean Baptiste Day - June 24

Professional Sports Teams

Football: Montreal Alouettes
Basketball: Montreal Maniac
Baseball: Montreal Expos
Hockey: Montreal Canadiens


Nomadic Matt - Quebec on a Budget

Just some facts- FYI (for your information)

  • Over 50% of Quebec is covered by forest. It represents 20% of the Canadian forests and 2% of the world's forests
  • The province of Quebec has two justice systems. The civil law is used for the civil cases, while the common law is used for criminal cases.
  • The narrowest house in North America is located on rue Donnaconna in Quebec City and is only 3.7 meters (12 feet) long.
  • The Château Frontenac, is the most photographed hotel in the world.



Lonely Planet - Quebec City

CanadaVisa - About Quebec

Kiddle - Quebec Facts for Kids

KickAssFacts - Fact encyclopedia - Facts on Quebec

map of Quebec

credit: The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)


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Terms and Conditions. This page published: Monday, November 16, 2020 at 06:56 PM MDT