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Facts on Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island is the smallest province in Canada. It is located in the Gulf of St Lawrence, on the east coast of Canada. Prince Edward Island is famous for its red sandy beaches, red soil, potatoes, and Anne of Green Gables. It also is known as the "Birthplace of Confederation."

Date Prince Edward Island Entered Confederation

July 1, 1873

Area of Prince Edward Island

5,660 sq. km (2,184 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


The terrain of Prince Edward Island is that of gently rolling hills. White sandy beaches are predominant along the northern shores and red sandstone cliffs edge its southern exposure.

Capital City of Prince Edward Island

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

Population of Prince Edward Island

140,204 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

Prince Edward Islanders or just "Islanders"

Aboriginal peoples of Prince Edward Island

Mi'kmaq Peoples

Main Prince Edward Island Industries

Agriculture, tourism, fishing and manufacturing

Time Zone

Atlantic Time Zone and observes Daylight Saving Time.


The climate on Prince Edward Island is milder than the Canadian mainland due to the warm waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence that surround it. The average yearly rainfall is 868 mm.
Temperatures range from 8 to 22 degrees C in late May and June. Summers are quite warm, but rarely humid with daytime temperatures in the 20s (C)  and can go as high as 32 degrees C. July and August are the warmest and driest months.
Autumn is clear and bright. September afternoons can be quite warm and the evenings cool with temperatures ranging from 8 to 22 degrees C.
Winters can be cold with temperatures ranging between -3 and -11 degrees C. Snow begins in November and can stay until April. The average yearly snowfall is 340 cm.

Prince Edward Island Statutory Holidays (in addition to National Holidays)

Islander Day - third Monday in February

Professional Sports Teams

PEI Rocket of the QMJHL (Junior ice hockey team) - Charlottetown


Discover Charlottetown
Blog PEI
CanadaVisa - Charlottetown

Just some facts- FYI (for your information)

  • The Island's first residents were the Mi'kmaq.
  • The Island was discovered by the French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1534
  • There are three counties: Prince, Queens and Kings
  • The majority of the population is of British ancestry
  • There are two lobster seasons. The first runs from approximately the 1st of May to the end of June on the north side of PEI from North Cape to East Point and along the east coast to Victoria. The second season runs from approximately mid-August to mid-October on the south side of PEI from west of Victoria to North Cape
  • Anne of Green Gables was first published in 1908
  • The redness of the soil is due to its high iron-oxide (rust) content.


Kiddle - Fun Facts for Kids

Indigenous Canada - PE

Prince Edward Island Tourism

Welcome PEI

map of Prince Edward Island

credit: The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)


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Terms and Conditions. This page published: Monday, November 16, 2020 at 06:56 PM MDT