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Nunavut Home Page

Facts on Nunavut

Nunavut became the largest and newest territory in Canada as of April 1, 1999. Nunavut was formed from the eastern part of the Northwest Territories, most of which is above the northern tree growth.
Much of the archipelago is permanently covered in snow and ice, especially in the north and east. Nunavut is among the most sparsely populated habitable regions on earth. Settlements are very small and are clustered largely in the coastal areas.

Date Nunavut became a territory of Canada

April 1, 1999 Nunavut became the largest and newest territory in Canada

Area of Nunavut

2,093,190 sq. km (808,185 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001). Nunavut makes up 20% of Canada's land mass and 67% of the countries coastline.
It includes the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay and Ungava Bay which do not belong to Manitoba, Ontario
or Quebec.


Nunavut comprises two distinct physiographic regions: the Canadian Shield, including the mainland and the islands around Hudson Bay, and the Arctic Archipelago in the north.
The mainland portion of the territory is an almost untouched wilderness, where the stark northern tundra changes into cliffs and plateaus along the Northwest Passage. To the north and east, the Arctic Islands are surrounded by pack ice for most of the year and the region extends to the glaciers, jagged mountains and fjords of the eastern shores of Baffin and Ellesmere Islands.

Capital City of Nunavut

Iqaluit, Nunavut

Population of Nunavut

31,906 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census) of which 85% are Inuit. Nunavut has the highest birthrate at 25 per 1000 and 51% of the population is under 25 years of age.

Aboriginal peoples in Nunavut


Main Nunavut industries

Mining, resource development, tourism and arts & crafts

Time Zone

Eastern Time Zone, observes daylight savings time


The territory lies entirely within the Arctic climatic zone, with bitterly cold winters and cool to cold summers. See Nunavut Weather Network for more information



Nunatsiaq News

Highways in Nunavut (transportation)

There are no highways in Nunavut. Public transportation between communities is largely done by air. Some communties are accessible by snowmobile in the winter. 24 of the 25 communities can be reached by ship.
For information: Highways in Nunavut (Wikipedia)

Statutory Holidays

Nunavut Day - July 9 (most employers give the day off)


North to Nunvut
Finding True North
Travel Blog Nunavut
Travel Nunavut

Inuit Country Food

NU Country Food


Just some facts - For you information (FYI)

  • Alert, a weather station and military outpost on the north coast of Ellesmere Island, is the northernmost community in North America.
  • Sport fishing and hunting draw tourists to the territory
  • Turbot, shrimp, and Arctic char are fished and exported  from several communities in the eastern Arctic.
  • Nunavut has two writing systems: roman letters and a syllabic system developed in the 19th century by European missionaries.
  • There are more snowmobiles than cars in Nunavut. Snowmobiles are the main type of transportation
  • Magnetic North Pole - The magnetic north poles moves about 41 km a year
  • The annual sea-lift brings shipments of large items to communities during the short summer shipping season (example: construction material, non-perishable food and cars).
  • The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) provide policing services throughout Nunavut, with officers in all 25 communities
  • Nunavut is governed by a Legislative Assembly of 19 elected members. The members choose a government leader, speaker of the house and eight ministers by consensus. There are 10 departments with offices in nine different communities.
  • Each community has a hamlet office, which is responsible for municipal government activities.
  • Nunavut means "Our land" in Inuktitut, the Inuit language.


CBC - Nunavut

Readers Digest - 7 surprising facts about Nunavut


map of Nunavut

credit: The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)


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Terms and Conditions. This page published: Monday, November 16, 2020 at 06:56 PM MDT