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Facts on Northwest Territories

Located in northern Canada, the territory borders Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, and three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, and Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south. The Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate than Nunavut and is mostly boreal forest (taiga), although about half of the territory is north of the tree line.

Date Northwest Territories Entered Confederation

July 15, 1870

Area of the Northwest Territories

1,346,106 sq. km (519,734 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


The Northwest Territories can be divided into two broad geographical regions: the taiga (a boreal forest belt that circles the subarctic zone and is typified by stands of pine, aspen, poplar, and birch trees), and the tundra (a rocky arctic region where the cold climate has stunted vegetation).

Capital City of the Northwest Territories

Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

Population of the Northwest Territories

41,462 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as


Aboriginal peoples in Northwest Territories

Dene, Inuit and Metis

Main Northwest Territories industries

Mining, tourism, services

Time Zone

Mountain Time Zone, observes daylight savings time


There are two major climate zones in the NT: subarctic and arctic
In the subarctic zone, average temperatures in January are -9F (–23C) and 70F (21C) in July, while average
temperatures in the arctic zone range from -27F (–33C) in January to 50F (10C) in July.

Northwest Territories Statutory Holidays (in addition to National Holidays)

National Aboriginal Day - June 21st


Ive Been Bit
Stories in the Northwest Territories

Just some facts - For you information (FYI)

  • The Mackenzie River is one of the world's longest at 2,635 miles (4,241 kilometers).
  • The official fish of the Northwest Territories is the Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus). The Arctic Grayling has the ability to live in the harshest environments.


Explore Northwest Territories

Northwest Territories Facts for Kids

Destination Canada

Northwest Territories Film Commission Facts

map of Northwest Territories

credit: The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)


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Terms and Conditions. This page published: Monday, November 16, 2020 at 06:56 PM MDT