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Facts on Newfoundland & Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador is the youngest Canadian province, joining Canada in 1949. It is the most eastern province in Canada.
The island of Newfoundland is at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north, east and south. Labrador is on the northeastern tip of the Canadian mainland

Date Newfoundland & Labrador Entered Confederation

March 31, 1949

Area of Newfoundland & Labrador

405,212 sq. km (156,453 sq. miles) (Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


The coastline, stretching over more than 17,000 kilometers, consists of headlands, fiords and many small coves and offshore islands. The interiors of both Labrador and Newfoundland have a rolling, rugged topography. Much of the island and southern and central Labrador is covered by a thick forest of black spruce and balsam fir mixed with birch, tamarack and balsam poplar. Northern Labrador has very little forest and is marked by the huge
Torngat Mountains.

Capital City of Newfoundland & Labrador

St. John's, Newfoundland

Population of Newfoundland & Labrador

514,536 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as


Aboriginal peoples in Newfoundland & Labrador

Inuit, the Innu, the Micmac and the Metis

Main Newfoundland & Labrador  industries

Energy, fisheries, mining, forestry, tourism


Time Zone

A unique Newfoundland Time Zone, 3.5 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT-3:30) and 30 minutes ahead of Atlantic Standard Time. Also observes daylight savings time


Newfoundland has a maritime climate with mild winters (by Canadian standards). It also has a high rate of precipitation. Labrador, by comparison, has cold winters and short summers (as like mid northern provinces).


Newfoundland & Labrador Statutory Holidays (in addition to National Holidays)



Geo Islander

Just some facts - For you information (FYI)

  • The province is home to three National Parks, 18 Wilderness and Ecological Reserves, and breathtaking botanical gardens.
  • Luckily, this place has no ragweed (allergy sufferers rejoice!), no snakes, no skunks, no raccoons, and no
    poisonous insects or arachnids.

References: - Canada Online


map of Newfoundland and Labrador

credit: The Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada)

Hinterland Who's Who
Species at Risk in Canada


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Terms and Conditions. This page published: Sunday, March 17, 2019 at 11:50 AM MDT